Introduction to Violin
The violin was first known in 16th-century Italy, with some further modifications occurring in the 18th and 19th centuries to give the instrument a more powerful sound and projection. In Europe, it served as the basis for the development of other stringed instruments used in Western classical music.
The parts of a violin are usually made from different types of wood (although electric violins may not be made of wood at all). A person who makes or repairs violins is called a luthier or violinmaker. One who makes or repairs bows is called an archetier or bowmaker. Violinists particularly prize the fine historical instruments made by the Stradivari, Guarneri and Amati families from the 16th to the 18th century in Italy. According to their reputation, the quality of their sound has defied attempts to explain or equal it.
The violin is often called a fiddle as an informal nickname for the instrument.
The earliest stringed instruments were mostly plucked. Bowed instruments have originated in the nomadic equestrian cultures of Central Asia. Variant types were probably disseminated along East-West trading routes from Asia into the Middle East and to the Byzantine Empire. The first makers of violins probably borrowed from various developments of the Byzantine lira. The violin in its present form emerged in early 16th century Italy and it proved very popular, both among street musicians and the nobility.
Significant changes occurred in the construction of the violin in the 18th century to make it sound more powerful to face larger halls and to produce a virtuostic sound. The majority of old instruments have undergone these modifications, and hence are in a significantly different state than when they left the hands of their makers. But these instruments in their present condition set the standard for perfection in violin craftsmanship and sound, and violin makers all over the world try to come as close to this ideal as possible.
How Does A Violin Work?
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